INDIAN PHILOSOPHY AND IDEOLOGY

HARMONIC MATERIALISM: All Indian knowledge and thought corresponds to its own social reality and to reality in relation to Mother Nature, with whom human life is integrated and of whom human life is a consequence.

Nature, living beings, humans, and human social organization are all the same. Entities with only minor differences, they are brought together and governed by the same laws and integrated into the greater whole, the Universe or Cosmos.

The natural Cosmos is a great, organized body whose elements, governed by opposing and complementary forces and energies, regulate the place of each and the equilibrium between all, thus generating order and harmony throughout its infinite existence.

Humans and nature are organized matter, from the simplest to the most complex, in constant movement and transformation, internally and externally, all in complete order and complete harmony. This is the universal characteristic which governs our knowledge, our world view, and the spirit of our culture.

COSMIC ORDER: In the universe and in nature all is order, all is harmony. There is no “struggle of opposites” or breaking into parts to generate dynamics and change. Rather there is complementary opposition between the distinct parts of greater and lesser unity that constantly generate new states, always in harmony and order, never in chaos.

In the universe all elements are organized collectively and communally. They are characterized not by unequal antagonisms but by positions and situations which are different, complementary, and harmonic.

COLLECTIVISM AND COMMUNALISM: Humanity is an integral part of nature, an extension of the universe. Since it functions under the same laws, humanity should organize itself in a collective and communal form as the universe is organized.

In the beginning, the organization and the philosophical-ideological concepts of humanity were the same as the current characteristics of the Indian people, without inequality and with collective organizational practices. There existed an equality and harmony between humans throughout the planet and between humans and other living beings. This is the essence of the Indian spirit. We Indian people practice the philosophy of non-antagonistic contradictions which is the fundamental characteristic of dialectics, the general law of the universe.

In accordance with this Indian concept, nature, humanity, and society are the same thing, not exclusive parts or enemies one of the other. The great antagonistic and destructive inequality which exists in the world today was generated by the European-derived societies. The equality and harmony of the original human societies, the “primordial community” egalitarianism which everyone acknowledges, degenerated into slavery in the European-derived world. Slavery is the form of society where people fight among themselves, private property is valued above natural resources, and a vertical hierarchy predominates, along with individualism, egoism, and exploitation of some people by others. This inequality, this unnatural disharmony generated since the time of slavery, today has become stronger and more sophisticated, reaching a stage of barbarism which they themselves call imperialist capitalism.

In today’s world there are two different, irreconcilable systems: the Indian system, which is collective, communal, human, loving, and which respects nature profoundly; and the European-derived system, which is exploitative, individualistic, and egoistic, and which destroys nature. The problem is not merely a struggle of classes, not only rich against poor or right against left. The problem is between two different systems, between two different forms and attitudes toward life and existence. This is why Indian people are a forceful model for the future of humanity. The Indian system is human collectivism living in complete harmony and love with nature. The European-derived system will disappear because it is antinatural. Its peoples, and our brothers and sisters, who followed obscure and uncertain paths for many generations will return to be natural beings, to join with us in a united humanity, without hatred or inequality, with love and respect for Mother Nature, for all life and all existence.

Source: Working Commission Reports: Second Conference of Indian Nations and Organizations of South America. Tiwanaku, Bolivia. Berkeley: South American Indian Information Center. 1983.

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